realDB: A Genome Database for Red Algae

Galdieria phlegrea

1. A unicellular red alga isolated in the Solfatara crater located in Campi Flegrei (Naples, Italy), where H2S is the prevalent form of gaseous S in the fumarolic fluids and S is widespread in the soils near the fumaroles.
2. The removal of S from the culture medium of illuminated cells caused a decrease in the soluble protein content and a significant decrease in the intracellular levels of glutathione.
3. Cells from heterotrophic cultures of G. phlegrea exhibited high levels of internal proteins and high glutathione content, which did not diminish during S starvation, but rather glutathione significantly increased.
4. The activity of O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase (OASTL), the enzyme synthesizing cysteine, was enhanced under S deprivation in a time-dependent manner in autotrophic but not in heterotrophic cells.

Data Source
From Debashish Bhattacharya, at Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources and Institute of Marine and Coastal Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA

Reference Publication(s)
Bhattacharya D, et al. Adaptation through horizontal gene transfer in the cryptoendolithic red alga Galdieria phlegrea. Curr Biol 23 (19): 865-866.

Statistics of genome

Genome size (Mb)


GC (%)