1. G. turuturu has successfully invaded the coasts of Europe,Tasmania, and New Zealand. On the East Coast, it can be found from the Gulf of Maine to Long Island Sound.
2. G. turuturu prefers to live in shallow, protected subtidal waters, and likes to attach itself to hard substrates. It can survive water temperatures between 4 and 28° C, and salinities between 12 and 52 parts per thousand.
3. G. turuturu reproduces sexually, by casting off fertilized spores into the water column, and vegetatively by budding off from the margins of mature blades.
Jun Yu, Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Submitted to 1000 Plant (1KP) Transcriptomes.